Making cuttings is a very simple technique that every plant fan should know from the beginning.
It is essential to know that plants, in addition to sexual reproduction (through seed), have the ability to reproduce vegetatively (by cutting). What does this mean? Well, we can "clone" the plant that we like the most from a piece of stem, rhizomes or stolons, among others.
In the nurseries, they have always practiced cuttings and other methods of asexual reproduction for the multiplication of the plants. The intention is to get identical copies to the mother plant, thus preserving the desired characteristics ... something impossible to achieve through seed. Cultivate from cuttings makes sense if we have an interesting genetics, a mother plant selected for having superior qualities to the average.
So that the percentage of rooted cuttings is maximum and not miss almost none, you just have to be a little curious and clean at the time of work.
Before cutting cuttings we must ensure that the mother plant is well watered, in this way the shoots that we are going to cut will be well hydrated. A fresh cut, because it lacks root, can not absorb water directly. Therefore it is essential that it is perfectly hydrated before cutting it. The ideal thing is to water the mother plant 24 hours before making the cuttings.
The mother plant requires similar care to a normal plant in the vegetative growth phase. We can use any growth fertilizer for our mother, both mineral and organic. A fertilizer like "Growth" from Flower Power Fertilizers © will cause a large number of shoots to grow continuously.
We can also use a good supplement so that the plant does not have any deficiency or in situations of stress such as massive pruning. For this purpose, professionals use high-quality products such as "Foliar" from Flower Power Fertilizers©, which with its wide range of elements avoids the appearance of deficiencies. Just add quality water and apply on the leaves with a sprayer in the dark.
For the cuttings to root well, the plant must be fertilized in its proper measure, not too much, not too less. If we are sure that we have properly irrigated the plant and that it is well fertilized, now is the time for us to cut out the mother's shoots. We will try to let at least ten days pass every time we take out clones from a mother plant. After pruning, we water the mother plant with the fertilizer "Growth" of Flower Power Fertilizers © to favor the appearance of new shoots.
For a shoot to become a cutling you need minimum conditions, so you have to think a couple of things before cutting it ...
The aerial part of the cutting must have at least three knots from where to grow. These knots will become new shoots when the cutting has taken root.
The underground part can have at least one node from which the first roots will form. Although roots also develop directly from a cut in the stem, leaving a knot under the substrate increases the chances of rooting. To accelerate the rooting it is necessary to keep the humidity of the air very high and the substrate a little humid, but not too much. The cuttings need soft temperatures (26 ° \ 28 °) and humidity to generate the roots before dehydrating, and also expose them to light (remember they are 24 hours of light to make roots and 18 hours to grow). After about ten days the first roots will come out and in two or three weeks the cutting will be ready to transplant. Once we transplant the cuttings we can add to the water of irrigation the root stimulator "Start" of Flower Power Fertilizers© to favor the development of roots.
As you can see, making cuttings is a very simple and economical way to get new plants. I hope that this article has been useful and serves to encourage you to try.